What are Management Representation Letters?

In the world of assurance engagements, a management representation letter is a formal document that represents management’s agreement with the financial statements that are being audited or reviewed. This letter is a critical part of the assurance engagement process and is required by the auditor or reviewer as evidence that management acknowledges and accepts responsibility for the financial statements.

A management representation letter is typically issued by senior management, such as the CEO or CFO, and is addressed to the CPA firm performing the audit or review. It contains a series of statements that confirm certain facts and assurances about the company’s financial information, including the completeness and accuracy of financial records, disclosures of relevant information, and adherence to accounting principles.

The letter serves several purposes, including:

  • Confirming the accuracy of financial information: The management representation letter is used to confirm that the financial statements are accurate and complete. This helps provide assurance to stakeholders that the financial statements are reliable.
  • Demonstrating management’s responsibility: By signing the letter, management acknowledges its responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the financial statements. This helps to provide accountability and transparency to stakeholders.
  • Providing evidence for auditors and reviewers: The management representation letter provides evidence to the CPA firm that management has taken responsibility for the financial statements, which helps to support the audit opinion or review conclusion.
  • Reducing the risk of misstatements: The letter helps to reduce the risk of misstatements by requiring management to review the financial statements and provide assurance that they are accurate and complete.

Overall, the management representation letter is a critical part of the assurance engagement process, as it helps to provide assurance that the financial statements are accurate and complete, and that management takes responsibility for them. Without this letter, CPA firms would not have the necessary evidence to support their opinions and conclusions, which could lead to a lack of confidence in the financial statements and potential legal and financial consequences for the company. In fact, CPA firms are not permitted to complete their engagement and issue an audit or review engagement report until management provides a signed management representation letter.


If you require an audit or review and would like to speak to someone about these processes, please contact us to set up a free consultation.